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Homer: the Great Greek Poet

作者:不详    更新时间:2020-8-1 10:33:54

Frustrated because you have to read the Iliad or the Odyssey and are having trouble understanding them? Have to write a paper and wish there were easier ways to gather your information? Tired of Cliff notes (tm)?

This page was designed to make the information given by Homer easier to access. It gives background about the factual information about the start of the Trojan war, as well as the mythos behind it. You can also access what life was like for the Greeks and the Trojans of the time.

To understand how the Greeks thought and why Homer wrote what he did, there is also the section on Greek mythology. Here, a Deity family tree is given. Also synopses of the individual deities nentioned in the lliad and Odyssey.

Of course, the most important section deals with the poems themselves. There is a character breakdown which detais who everyone is and what type of person they are, plot summary, and possible themes for both poems.

*Cliff notes (tm) are a registered trademark of Cliffs Notes inc. Lincoln, Nebraska



1. Greek Mythology

Gods and Dieties of THE ILIAD

Gods and Dieties of THE ODYSSEY


2. Trojan War

A. What started the Trojan War ?

We know for a fact that the Trojan War actually occurred. Troy fell into the hands of the Greeks. Archaeologists have found historical evidence in the ruins of Troy to support this. The war took place in the beginning of 12th century B.C. and is generally thought to have lasted from 1193 - to 1184 B.C.

Modern historians suggest that the war was started over commerce and trade between Greece and Asia Minor. Many of the main characters in Homer's account of the Trojan War in the ILIAD many have been drawn from real personalities.

B. How did the war affect the Trojans?

The Trojan's city was in havoc and there was nothing left to their kingdom because of the war. That itself caused much stress on the Trojans. They were left to life in ruins. The women were taken by the Greeks to be slaves, and the men that were left did not have a bright future to look forward to. But more than that, they mourned for the losses of their great heroes and family members.

C. How did the war affect the Greeks ?

The Greeks would go back to a city that was not in ruins; they still had some type of comfort. However, the Greeks had also lost faith in themselves because there were many men dead over this war. The Greeks knew things would not be same after generations of men were lost in this long battle.

Mythological Beginning/Causes of the Trojan War

Bibliography

(1) Baines, Hazel E. THE MEDDLING GODS. Lincoln: University of Web Press, 1974.

(2) Corcoran, James. LITERATURE -- WORLD MASTERPIECES. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1995.

(3) Doniger, Wendy. GREEK AND EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

(4) Homer, THE ILIAD. (Book I)

(5) Knight, Douglas. POPE AND THE HEROIC TRADITION. London: The Kingsley Trust Association, 1951.

(6) Latimore, Richard. THE ILIAD OF HOMER. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

(7) Owen, E. T THE STORY OF THE ILIAD Canada: Clark Irwin, and Company, ltd., 1966.

(8) Pinsent, John. GREEK MYTHOLOGY. New York: Peter Bedrick Books, 1986.

(9) Wood, Michael. IN SEARCH OF THE TROJAN WAR. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1985.

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